Staten en Stinzen EN

Castles, country houses and estates …

Outside of Friesland, 'staten en stinzen' are also known as castles, country houses and estates. But what exactly were these castles or country estates? There were hundreds of terps (mounds) in Friesland during the Middle Ages and each terp was topped with a castle: a stone tower with thick walls that provided protection for the terp dwellers in times of battle. There is one completely intact castle tower remaining: de Schierstins; the remains of some can be found throughout Friesland. There are more early stone houses in the towns (medieval townhouses) which were considerably remodelled over time.

Many stone houses were demolished but some of them have evolved over the centuries. These dwellings were extended by their residents (country gentry) and developed into larger properties known as 'staten' (cf. 'estates'). But here, too, most of them have been lost. That is why those that are still there are valued so much. Similarly, their successors such as country houses, manor houses and estates are highlighted. See the map above for the properties and below for the Inventory of the properties. Further information about approximately sixty properties and the opening arrangements can be found on this website.

Do not forget to zoom in on the map: after that please click on an icon and multiple historic properties may appear.

Allemastate

Allemastate Frisian farmstead, its front section is the remains of a medieval hall house (15th century)
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Camstrastins

Farmstead includes the remains of manor house and even older stone house, mainly cellars (approx. 1400)
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De Klinze

17th-century country house surrounded by public parkland (Roodbaard). 'Slaapexperience' ('Trying Out a New Bed-Experience').
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Open to the public

Dekema State

Originally a 15th-century manor house with period rooms and beautiful gardens. Open to visitors.
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Epemastate

Monumental 17th-century country estate with a nineteenth-century appearance; large 17th-century gatehouse. Culinary arrangements, wedding venue. The estate can host conferences, receptions and parties. B&B Guest House Accommodation in gatehouse ('Poortwachterssuite')
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Open to the public

Fogelsangh State

17th-century country estate, includes museum collection in period rooms and large parkland (woodland). Open to visitors.
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Grovestins

Dwelling known as The Doctor's Home, the reduced remains of the 17th-century manor house on site of older house.
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Harinxmastate

19th-century neoclassical manor house, reconstruction of a house in Drachten, surrounded by a park. Private residence.
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Harstastate

Country house with large garden and outbuildings, dating from before 1511. The property used to be a large country house estate during the eighteenth century. B&B in farmhouse.
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Foto Peter Nieuwenhuijsen

Heephuis

19th-century patrician residence and the remains of a large garden.
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Hemmemastate

Gatehouse of a very early house outside the dyke, converted into dwelling house. Last remnant with redesigned Hemmema Park.
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Open to the public

Heringastate (Poptaslot)

Originally a fifteenth-century castle which has been managed by custodians ever since 1712. 17th-century gatehouse. Surrounded by moat and with gardens. Open to visitors.
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Jongemastate

Gatehouse (1603) of former manor house whose contours are reflected by planting schemes (stinzen plants) in the parkland.
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Julius van Gheelstins

Originally built on the foundations of a townhouse from 1545, this house was radically altered. In 1976 its tower was renovated.
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Keimpemastins

Restored medieval townhouse, Leeuwarden's oldest house: medieval townhouse from early 14th century, served as a rectory for a long time.
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Kippenburg

19th-century country house in wooded area. Possibility of weekend or (mid)week rental.
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Klein Botnia

Stadtstins aus dem 15. Jahrhundert, später durch Professoren bewohnt, später Waisenhau.
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Open to the public

Lauswolt

19th-century country estate, greatly expanded due to hotel function; parkland was converted into golf course.
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Liauckamastate

The gatehouse(1604) is all that remains from the demolished grand manor house, first mentioned in the 14th century. The manor house was best known for the 'Pipenpoy Wedding' . Moated site and tree line still recognisable.
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Lindenoord

18th-century manor house with Louis XVI style elements. Serves as an office now.
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Open to the public

Lunia

19th-century country house, serves as a country house hotel and restaurant.
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Lyndenstein

19th-century country house, includes a garden separate from the house at the other side of the road, a so-called 'Overtuin'. Now the house serves as office space for a convalescent home. The 'Overtuin' is open to visitors.
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Open to the public

Martenahuis, Museum Martena

Medieval townhouse from 1506. Nowadays Museum Martena: many authentic building elements. Generous back garden with stinzen plants. Open to visitors.
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Martenastate

Landscape park with stinza plants. Once part of a 15th-century manor house, nowadays a residence from 1899. The landscape park is open to visitors.
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Monsmastate

Manor house from 1709, both house and gardens were radically altered. Private residence.
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Open to the public

Oenemastate

In origin, a 16th-century mansion with Neo-Renaissance façade. Paintings on the ceiling. Now a grand café.
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Open to the public

Oostenburg

Originally, an 18th-century manor house, which was demolished in 1837 and was more or less restored. Now Kollumer Museum 'Mr Andrae'.
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Oranjestein

Large 19th-century neoclassical country estate set in parkland (Roodbaard). Private residence.
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Oranjewoud

Large 19th-century neoclassical country house built on the foundations of a former palace. Parkland and public 'Overtuin' (garden at the other side of the road) Offers conference facilities.
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Open to the public

Princessehof

Both city palace and mansion, and birth place of Escher. These buildings house the National Museum of Ceramics.
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Replica's

Engelse versie van: In de 20e eeuw zijn verscheidene gebouwen opgetrokken met het doel een state na te bootsen. Hier de replica van de Osingastate te Langweer. (Vgl. met kleine foto, het schilderij). 
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Rijsbergen

18th-century manor house of the former owner of the Frisian Wadden Island of Schiermonnikoog. Now a monastery.
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Riniastate

Beautifully located 19th-century neoclassical country house set in large garden. Private residence.
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Rinsmastate

Originally, 16th-century country house set in parkland. In 1947 the house was restored after war damage.
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Ald Slot Wergea

Roordastate, ook wel 't Ald Slot

Roordastate, also known as 't Ald Slot In the 19th century the manor house was built from building material taken from the old house. The gable stone was relocated from its original location to the Roordastate.
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Marieke Balk

Roptastate

19th-century country house with redesigned landscape garden (Roodbaard). The house was radically altered over the centuries.
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Schatzenburg

18th-century manor house, in which the staircase is the most recognisable Louis XIV style element. Surrounded by beautifully restored park, open to visitors on Heritage Open Days.
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Open to the public

Schierstins

Unique, medieval tower house (approx. 1300), which was extended over time. Now a culltural centre which accommodates a permanent exhibition. Name giver of the 'stinzen plants'. Open to visitors.
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Sickemastate

Gatehouse, dating from before 1614, is all that remains from a demolished country house.
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Sjuxmastate

Very fine 17th-century, restored gatehouse of demolished manor house. The gatehouse contains pigeonholes on the inside of the gatehouse arch.
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Open to the public

Stadhouderlijk hof

From 1587 until 1747 it used to be the residence of the so-called 'stadtholders' (BE:Lord Lieutenant). In 1709 the buildings were renovated into one palace and in 1880 another renovation took place. The Nassau Room stands out.
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Open to the public

Staniastate

19th-century country house which was first mentioned in the 16th century. In the 18th and 19th century it was considerably renovated. The house is set in landscaped parkland ( Roodbaard). Brasserie, B&B.
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Foto mw. Angelika Bilker

Sytzamahuis

Imposing manor house from 1809, opposite the church. The house was recently restored and serves as office space for a health care institution.
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Open to the public

Uniastate

Very fine gatehouse from 1616 and a steel reconstruction which reflects the manor house that was demolished in 1756.
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Open to the public

Vijversburg

19th-century neoclassical manor house set in extensive parkland and site for artistic purposes. The grounds are used for artistic purposes and open to visitors.
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Voormeer

18th-century manor house and garden. Stunning interiors. Private residence, occasionally hosting house concerts.
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Oorspronkelijke voorzijde Waltastins, achter nieuwe muur aan straatkant

Waltastins

Medieval townhouse from 1540, which has been part of the town hall since the 17th century. It was recently restored to its former form.
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